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Exploring the Essence of Karate: The Concept of "Kime"


This is a face of Kime (Ryo Kiyuna):



Chapter I: Introduction

 

Karate, a martial art that originated in the Ryukyu Kingdom, which is present-day Okinawa, Japan, has captivated the minds and bodies of practitioners worldwide for centuries. Known for its disciplined techniques, powerful strikes, and unwavering focus, Karate is not just a physical pursuit but a profound art form that encompasses both mind and body. At the core of Karate lies a concept that sets it apart from other martial arts: "kime."

 

In this article, we embark on a journey to explore the essence of Karate through the lens of "kime." We will delve into the historical roots of Karate, its basic principles and techniques, and how the concept of "kime" plays a pivotal role in shaping the art's identity. From its historical origins to its contemporary applications, we aim to provide a comprehensive understanding of Karate's intrinsic connection to "kime."

 

I.1 Karate: A Glimpse into its Origins

 

To understand "kime" in Karate, it is essential to first grasp the historical context in which this martial art emerged. Karate finds its roots in the Ryukyu Kingdom, an island chain where trade and cultural exchange with China and other Southeast Asian nations flourished. These exchanges brought about the fusion of local Okinawan fighting techniques with foreign martial arts, giving birth to what we now know as Karate.

 

The word "Karate" itself can be broken down into "kara" (meaning "empty") and "te" (meaning "hand"), signifying the art of using one's empty hand as a weapon. While Karate was initially developed as a means of self-defense, it evolved into a holistic discipline encompassing physical and mental training.

 

I.2 The Evolution of Karate Styles

 

Over time, various styles of Karate emerged, each with its unique techniques, forms, and philosophies. The most well-known styles include Shotokan, Shito-Ryu, Goju-Ryu, and Wado-Ryu, among others. These styles, while sharing common foundational principles, have distinct characteristics and approaches to Karate.

 

The introduction of Karate to the Japanese mainland in the early 20th century by figures like Gichin Funakoshi played a pivotal role in popularizing the art. It was during this period that Karate began to gain recognition as a disciplined practice that went beyond mere combat techniques.

 

1.3 The Cultural and Philosophical Influences on Karate

 

Karate is not merely a physical discipline; it is deeply intertwined with cultural and philosophical elements. The values of respect, humility, and discipline are at the heart of Karate's philosophy. Practitioners are often encouraged to uphold these values not only within the dojo (training hall) but in their daily lives as well.

 

The philosophy of Karate draws inspiration from Eastern philosophies such as Zen Buddhism and Confucianism. These teachings emphasize mindfulness, self-control, and the pursuit of personal growth. As such, Karate becomes not just a means of combat but a path to self-improvement and enlightenment.

 

In the chapters that follow, we will delve deeper into the techniques, principles, and profound concept of "kime" that lie at the core of Karate. We will explore how "kime" is developed, trained, and applied, shedding light on its significance in the world of martial arts and beyond. Join us as we embark on a journey to understand the essence of Karate through the lens of "kime."

 


 

Section II: Historical Background of Karate

 

II.1 The Birthplace of Karate: The Ryukyu Kingdom

 

To truly appreciate the concept of "kime" in Karate, we must journey back to the historical birthplace of this martial art—the Ryukyu Kingdom. This island chain, situated in the East China Sea, was the melting pot of cultures, where Chinese martial arts, indigenous fighting techniques, and influences from Southeast Asia converged.

 

Karate's roots can be traced back to the 14th century when the Ryukyu Kingdom's unique geopolitical position led to a fusion of fighting methods. The Ryukyuan people, unable to openly possess weapons due to oppressive rulers, developed a form of self-defense that relied heavily on empty-hand techniques. These early forms laid the foundation for what would later become Karate.

 

II.2 The Influence of Chinese Martial Arts

 

Central to Karate's development were the exchanges between the Ryukyu Kingdom and China. Traders, diplomats, and cultural emissaries facilitated the transfer of knowledge, including martial arts techniques, from China to the Ryukyus. These exchanges played a pivotal role in shaping Karate's early forms.

 

Chinese martial arts, notably Kung Fu, had a profound impact on Karate's techniques and philosophies. Concepts like proper body alignment, balance, and the harnessing of inner energy (known as "ki" in Japanese and "qi" in Chinese) became integral to Karate's evolution. The influence of Chinese martial arts can still be seen in many Karate techniques and forms.

 

II.3 The Development of Okinawan Te

 

Okinawan Te, the precursor to Karate, evolved as a distinct martial art within the Ryukyu Kingdom. It combined elements of indigenous Okinawan fighting methods with the techniques imported from China. Notable Te practitioners like Sakugawa Kanga and Matsumura Sōkon contributed to the development and dissemination of these early forms.

 

Okinawan Te was characterized by its emphasis on close-range combat, adaptability, and practicality. Techniques were designed to be effective in real-world situations, reflecting the need for self-defense in a society where weapons were restricted.

 

II.4 The Emergence of Karate as a Unified Art

 

The term "Karate" began to take shape in the early 20th century. Gichin Funakoshi, often regarded as the father of modern Karate, played a pivotal role in introducing and popularizing Karate on the Japanese mainland. His efforts led to the amalgamation of various Okinawan Te styles into a more unified and systematic approach to martial arts.

 

Funakoshi's emphasis on the moral and philosophical aspects of Karate helped transform it from a regional martial art into a global phenomenon. In 1936, he established the Shotokan style of Karate, which became one of the most widely practiced styles in the world. His teachings laid the groundwork for the incorporation of "kime" as a central concept in Karate.

 

II.5 Conclusion

 

The historical journey of Karate, from the Ryukyu Kingdom to its transformation into a global martial art, provides us with crucial insights into the origins of "kime" and its significance. It was in this historical context that Karate evolved, drawing from indigenous fighting methods, Chinese martial arts, and the visionary efforts of individuals like Gichin Funakoshi. In the following sections, we will delve deeper into the core principles of Karate and how "kime" became an integral part of its identity.

 

Section III: Karate Basics: Techniques and Principles

 



III.1 The Fundamentals of Karate Techniques

 

Before delving into the concept of "kime," it is essential to grasp the fundamental techniques that form the backbone of Karate. These techniques are the building blocks upon which "kime" is developed and applied. They include:

 

a. Strikes (Tsuki): Karate practitioners employ a variety of striking techniques using different parts of the hand, including the fist (seiken), the knife hand (shuto), and the ridge hand (haito).

 

b. Blocks (Uke): Karate incorporates various blocking techniques to defend against strikes and attacks, such as the rising block (age uke) and the outer block (soto uke).

 

c. Kicks (Geri): Kicking techniques are a hallmark of Karate, including front kicks (mae geri), roundhouse kicks (mawashi geri), and side kicks (yoko geri).

 

d. Stances (Dachi): Proper stances are crucial for balance and power in Karate. Common stances include the front stance (zenkutsu dachi) and the horse stance (kiba dachi).

 

III.2 Principles of Balance, Stance, and Movement

 

Karate places a significant emphasis on maintaining balance, adopting appropriate stances, and efficient movement. These principles are integral to executing techniques effectively and developing "kime."

 

a. Balance: Balance is essential in Karate, ensuring that a practitioner can maintain stability while performing techniques. Proper distribution of weight and control over body positioning are crucial.

 

b. Stance: Stances in Karate serve as the foundation for techniques. The choice of stance depends on the situation and technique being executed. Stances provide stability and power while allowing for quick transitions.

 

c. Movement: Karate practitioners learn to move efficiently, utilizing footwork and body movement to evade attacks and create opportunities for offense. Controlled movement is critical for effective self-defense and sparring.

 

III.3 The Role of "Kata" in Karate

 

In addition to individual techniques, Karate places great importance on "kata" (forms). Kata is a choreographed sequence of movements that simulates a confrontation with one or more imaginary opponents. Practicing kata helps students refine their techniques, stances, and timing while instilling discipline and focus.

 

Each kata has a specific purpose and can vary in complexity. For example, the "Heian" kata series is often taught to beginners to instill fundamental techniques, while advanced practitioners may study more intricate kata like "Kanku" or "Bassai."

 

Kata is not merely a demonstration but a means of embodying the principles of "kime." Within kata, practitioners learn to execute techniques with precision, focus, and power, emphasizing the concept of "kime" in a controlled and structured setting.

 

III.4 Conclusion

 

The foundation of Karate is built upon its fundamental techniques, principles of balance, stance, and movement, and the practice of kata. These elements provide the necessary groundwork for understanding and applying the concept of "kime" in Karate. In the upcoming sections, we will explore "kime" in depth, dissecting its meaning, its development through training, and its practical application in Karate techniques.

 

 

Section IV: Understanding "Kime"

 

IV.1 Defining "Kime" in Karate

 

At the heart of Karate lies the concept of "kime," a term that is often translated as "focus" or "decision." However, "kime" in Karate encompasses a much broader and deeper meaning. It represents the moment of intense concentration and full commitment in the execution of a technique, resulting in maximum power and effectiveness. "Kime" is the convergence of physical and mental aspects in martial arts, and it is a defining characteristic of Karate.

 

To understand "kime" fully, it is essential to explore its components and significance in Karate practice.

 

IV.2 The Relationship Between "Kime" and Power

 

"Kime" and power are intricately connected in Karate. When a practitioner achieves "kime," it signifies the optimal utilization of their physical strength and technique. This intense focus and commitment result in a sudden burst of power that can be channeled into a strike, block, or any other technique.

 

Imagine a Karateka (Karate practitioner) delivering a punch with "kime." In that split second of perfect alignment and focus, their entire body contributes to the power of the punch. This concentrated power makes "kime" a vital element in the effectiveness of Karate techniques.

 

IV.3 The Mental and Physical Aspects of "Kime"

 

"Kime" extends beyond physical technique. It is equally a mental state of mind characterized by unwavering determination and mental clarity. To achieve "kime," a practitioner must be fully present in the moment, free from distractions or doubts.

 

The mental aspect of "kime" involves a clear intention to execute a technique with precision and effectiveness. It requires mental discipline, focus, and an understanding of the desired outcome.

 

Physically, "kime" involves the proper alignment of the body, muscles, and joints at the moment of impact or the completion of a technique. This alignment ensures that the maximum force is directed towards the target, whether it be an opponent or an object.

 

IV.4 The Gradual Development of "Kime"

 

"Kime" is not a skill that can be mastered overnight. It is cultivated through years of dedicated training and practice. Instructors guide students in refining their techniques, teaching them how to achieve "kime" gradually.

 

One of the key elements in developing "kime" is repetition. Practitioners perform techniques repeatedly, gradually increasing the intensity and focus with each repetition. Over time, this repetition conditions the body and mind to execute techniques with "kime" naturally.

 

Additionally, "kime" is enhanced through proper breathing techniques. Controlled breathing not only calms the mind but also synchronizes with the execution of techniques, further maximizing their power and effectiveness.

 

IV.5 Conclusion

 

In this section, we've explored the concept of "kime" in Karate, understanding it as the convergence of physical and mental aspects in martial arts. "Kime" is the moment of intense focus, commitment, and precision that results in maximum power and effectiveness in Karate techniques. As we progress in this article, we will delve deeper into the practical training methods for developing "kime" and its real-world applications in Karate.

 

 

Section V: Training for "Kime"

 



V.1 The Importance of Dedicated Training

 

To achieve the level of "kime" that distinguishes skilled Karate practitioners, dedicated training is paramount. The path to mastering "kime" is one of discipline, patience, and continuous effort. This section explores the various training methods and practices employed to develop "kime" in Karate.

 

V.2 Repetition and Precision

 

Repetition forms the foundation of "kime" development. Karateka perform techniques repeatedly, focusing on precision and technique. By practicing the same movements countless times, muscle memory is built, allowing for more effortless execution of techniques with "kime." It is through this repetition that the body becomes conditioned to align perfectly for maximum power and effectiveness.

 

Precision is equally crucial. Practitioners must strive for perfection in each movement, ensuring that their techniques are executed with impeccable form. This attention to detail is what distinguishes a martial artist with "kime" from one without it.

 

V.3 Breathing and Timing

 

Breathing techniques are integral to achieving "kime" in Karate. Properly timed and controlled breathing not only aids in physical performance but also synchronizes with technique execution.

 

Karateka learn to coordinate their breath with their movements. This rhythmic breathing enhances focus, reduces tension, and optimizes the delivery of power at the precise moment of impact. The breath becomes a tool for enhancing "kime."

 

V.4 Mental Conditioning and Visualization

 

The mental aspect of "kime" is just as critical as the physical. Karate practitioners engage in mental conditioning and visualization exercises to prepare themselves for moments of intense focus and commitment.

 

Visualization techniques involve mentally rehearsing techniques and scenarios, envisioning them with perfect "kime." This mental preparation helps practitioners actualize the concept of "kime" when it matters most, such as in self-defense situations or competitions.

 

V.5 Partner Drills and Sparring

 

Practical application of "kime" is honed through partner drills and sparring. These exercises simulate real combat scenarios where techniques are executed with full commitment and control. Partner drills emphasize timing, distance, and precision, requiring both participants to execute techniques with "kime."

 

In sparring, practitioners apply "kime" in a dynamic environment, adapting their techniques to a live opponent's movements. Sparring sharpens a Karateka's ability to make split-second decisions while maintaining focus and control, ensuring that "kime" remains an integral part of their martial practice.

 

V.6 Conclusion

 

Training for "kime" in Karate is a multifaceted process that combines physical conditioning, mental preparation, and practical application. Through repetition, precision, breath control, and partner drills, practitioners gradually develop the ability to execute techniques with "kime." As we continue our exploration, the next section will delve into the practical application of "kime" in Karate techniques and its significance in self-defense and combat situations.

 

 

Section VI: The Practical Application of "Kime"

 

VI.1 "Kime" in Karate Techniques

 

The concept of "kime" finds its true value when applied to Karate techniques. In this section, we will explore how "kime" manifests in various techniques and its role in maximizing their effectiveness.

 

a. Striking Techniques: Strikes in Karate, such as punches and kicks, are elevated by "kime." When a practitioner achieves "kime" during a punch, for example, it means that they have focused their entire body's energy into that single point of impact. This results in a faster, more powerful, and precise strike, making it an effective tool in self-defense or competition.

 

b. Blocking Techniques: "Kime" is not limited to offense but extends to defense as well. Blocks executed with "kime" are robust and decisive, capable of neutralizing an opponent's attack efficiently. The clarity of mind and concentration inherent in "kime" also enables a Karateka to react swiftly to incoming threats.

 

c. Grappling and Joint Locks: Even in grappling and joint lock techniques, "kime" plays a role. The precise application of pressure at the right moment, combined with mental focus, can make the difference between success and failure in executing these techniques.

 

VI.2 The Significance of "Kime" in Self-Defense

 

In real-world self-defense scenarios, "kime" becomes a crucial element. When faced with an aggressor, the ability to execute techniques with "kime" ensures that one's actions are swift, powerful, and effective. "Kime" also minimizes hesitation, allowing a practitioner to respond decisively to threats.

 

Imagine a situation where a Karateka needs to defend themselves against an attacker. By utilizing "kime," they can deliver a precise and powerful strike to disable the threat swiftly and safely. The confidence instilled by "kime" can be a valuable asset in potentially life-threatening situations.

 

VI.3 "Kime" in Sparring and Competition

 

In the context of sparring and competition, "kime" distinguishes a skilled Karateka from an amateur. Achieving "kime" during sparring means that strikes and techniques are executed with full commitment and control. This not only scores points in competition but also ensures that the techniques have maximum impact.

 

"Kime" is especially critical in point-based Karate tournaments, where precise and controlled techniques are essential to scoring. It reflects a deep understanding of the art and demonstrates the practitioner's ability to harness their power effectively.

 

VI.4 Adaptation and Fluidity

 

While "kime" is synonymous with precision and focus, it's essential to understand that Karate is not rigid but adaptable. A skilled Karateka can adjust their use of "kime" based on the situation. In some instances, a technique may require a subtle, controlled application of "kime," while in others, a more explosive and powerful "kime" is appropriate.

 

Flexibility in applying "kime" demonstrates a practitioner's mastery of the concept, allowing them to adapt to different scenarios and opponents effectively.

 

VI.5 Conclusion

 

In this section, we've explored how "kime" is practically applied in Karate techniques, self-defense situations, and competitive sparring. "Kime" enhances the power, precision, and effectiveness of techniques, making it a cornerstone of Karate's martial prowess. As we continue our journey through this article, the subsequent section will delve into the philosophical aspect of "kime" and its connection to Karate's broader values and ethics.

 

 

Section VII: The Philosophical Aspect of "Kime"

 

VII.1 "Kime" and Karate Philosophy

 

Beyond its physical applications, "kime" holds a profound place in the philosophical underpinnings of Karate. This section delves into the connection between "kime" and Karate's broader values and ethics.

 

a. Mind-Body Unity: One of the central tenets of Karate philosophy is the unity of mind and body. "Kime" epitomizes this unity as it requires not just physical precision but mental focus and clarity. The practitioner's mind and body must work in harmony to achieve "kime," aligning with the core philosophy of Karate.

 

b. Respect and Control: Karate places a strong emphasis on respect for oneself and others. When a Karateka achieves "kime," they demonstrate control and discipline, showing respect for their own abilities and the art they practice. Additionally, when "kime" is used against an opponent in controlled sparring, it reflects respect for their safety and well-being.

 

VII.2 Zen and "Kime"

 

Zen Buddhism has had a profound influence on the philosophy of Karate, and "kime" is no exception. Zen teachings emphasize mindfulness, presence in the moment, and the cultivation of inner stillness. These principles align closely with the mental state required to achieve "kime."

 

Practitioners of Karate often engage in meditation and mindfulness practices to develop their ability to focus and attain "kime." These practices extend beyond the dojo, shaping the way they approach challenges in everyday life.

 

VII.3 Ethical Values and "Kime"

 

The pursuit of "kime" in Karate is not merely a physical endeavor but a journey towards personal growth and ethical development. The mental discipline required to achieve "kime" cultivates qualities such as patience, humility, and perseverance.

 

When a practitioner consistently seeks to refine their techniques and deepen their understanding of "kime," they embody the ethical values of Karate. They become not only skilled martial artists but also individuals who strive for excellence in all aspects of their lives.

 

VII.4 The Role of "Kime" in Teaching and Leadership

 

For Karate instructors, imparting the concept of "kime" to their students goes beyond teaching techniques; it is about instilling values and ethics. Instructors often emphasize the importance of mental focus, precision, and commitment as they guide their students on their Karate journey.

 

Leadership qualities are also cultivated through the pursuit of "kime." A practitioner who embodies "kime" becomes a role model for others, demonstrating the potential for self-discipline, resilience, and dedication.

 

VII.5 Conclusion

 

In this section, we've explored the philosophical aspect of "kime" in Karate. "Kime" is not just a physical concept but a reflection of the values and ethics that underpin this martial art. The unity of mind and body, the influence of Zen, and the cultivation of ethical values all converge in the pursuit of "kime." As we continue our exploration, the subsequent section will focus on contemporary perspectives of "kime" in modern Karate practices and the challenges and debates surrounding it.

 

 

Section VIII: Contemporary Perspectives on "Kime"

 



VIII.1 "Kime" in Modern Karate Practices

 

In the ever-evolving landscape of martial arts, "kime" remains a fundamental concept in Karate. However, as Karate adapts to the demands of the modern world, perspectives on "kime" have evolved.

 

a. Integration of Technology: Modern Karate practitioners have the advantage of technology for training and analysis. High-speed cameras and motion sensors can capture and assess the intricacies of "kime" in techniques, providing valuable feedback for improvement.

 

b. Emphasis on Sport Karate: Competitive sport Karate has gained prominence, with organizations like the World Karate Federation (WKF) overseeing Olympic-style tournaments. In this context, "kime" remains essential for scoring points and winning matches, further emphasizing its relevance in contemporary Karate.

 

VIII.2 Variations in Interpretation

 

As Karate spread across the globe, different instructors and schools developed their interpretations of "kime." Some emphasize the explosive and dynamic nature of "kime" in techniques, while others focus on precision and control. These variations highlight the adaptability of "kime" to different teaching philosophies and training goals.

 

VIII.3 Debates and Challenges

 

The concept of "kime" in Karate has not been without controversy and debate. Some critics argue that the emphasis on "kime" may lead to overly rigid and predictable techniques, potentially limiting a practitioner's ability to adapt in real combat situations.

 

Additionally, there have been debates about the appropriate level of physical force in Karate training. Striking with excessive force, even with "kime," raises concerns about safety and ethics in martial arts.

 

VIII.4 The Ongoing Relevance of "Kime"

 

Despite these challenges and debates, "kime" remains a core element of Karate's identity. It continues to be a source of fascination and inspiration for practitioners, providing a profound sense of achievement when executed correctly.

 

The ongoing relevance of "kime" in modern Karate practices underscores its enduring value as a concept that not only enhances the effectiveness of techniques but also contributes to personal growth, mindfulness, and ethical development.

 

VIII.5 Conclusion

 

In this section, we've explored contemporary perspectives on "kime" in modern Karate practices. As Karate continues to evolve and adapt to the changing world, "kime" remains a central concept that reflects both the tradition and innovation within this martial art. As we conclude this article, we reflect on the enduring significance of "kime" in Karate and its profound impact on the lives of practitioners worldwide.

 

 

Section IX: Conclusion

 

IX.1 Reflecting on the Journey

 

Our exploration of Karate and the concept of "kime" has taken us on a journey through time, philosophy, and practice. From its historical origins in the Ryukyu Kingdom to its contemporary applications in modern Karate, "kime" has remained a central and enduring concept in this martial art.

 

Throughout this article, we've witnessed how "kime" represents more than just physical precision and power. It embodies the unity of mind and body, the influence of Zen philosophy, and the cultivation of ethical values. "Kime" is a reflection of the dedication, discipline, and mental clarity that Karate demands of its practitioners.

 

IX.2 The Profound Significance of "Kime"

 

In Karate, "kime" is not a mere technique but a way of life. It challenges individuals to strive for excellence, not just on the training floor but in all aspects of their existence. It instills values of respect, humility, and self-discipline that extend far beyond the confines of the dojo.

 

"Kime" is a testament to the power of human focus and commitment. It showcases the incredible potential that lies within each practitioner to harness their physical and mental abilities to achieve greatness.

 

IX.3 The Enduring Legacy of Karate and "Kime"

 

As we conclude this article, it is worth acknowledging that Karate and the concept of "kime" continue to impact the lives of countless individuals around the world. It is a martial art that transcends boundaries, cultures, and generations. Karate's enduring legacy is a testament to the timeless principles it upholds.

 

Whether one practices Karate for self-defense, personal development, or competitive sport, "kime" remains an ever-present companion on the journey. It serves as a constant reminder of the potential within each practitioner to achieve their goals and to become not only skilled martial artists but also better human beings.

 

IX.4 The Ongoing Exploration

 

While this article has provided an in-depth exploration of Karate and "kime," it is important to remember that the journey is far from over. Karate, like life itself, is a continuous process of growth and discovery. Each practitioner's path is unique, and their understanding of "kime" will evolve over time.

 

We encourage all Karateka, both beginners and advanced practitioners, to continue their exploration of "kime" and to delve deeper into the rich philosophy and practice of Karate. The pursuit of "kime" is a lifelong endeavor that holds the promise of profound personal transformation and mastery.

 

IX.5 Farewell and "Oss!"

 

In closing, we bid farewell with the traditional Karate exclamation of "Oss!" – a word that symbolizes respect, perseverance, and the indomitable spirit of Karate. As you continue your journey in the world of Karate and the pursuit of "kime," may you find the focus, power, and fulfillment that this martial art offers.

 

Thank you for accompanying us on this exploration of Karate and the concept of "kime." May your path be filled with growth, wisdom, and the unwavering commitment that "kime" represents.

 

 

Section X: Bibliography

 

The following sources have been consulted and referenced in the creation of this article:

 

Books:

 

1. Funakoshi, Gichin. "Karate-Do Kyohan: The Master Text." Kodansha International, 2009.

 

2. Nakayama, Masatoshi. "Best Karate Series: Comprehensive." Kodansha International, 2005.

 

3. McCarthy, Patrick. "Bubishi: The Classic Manual of Combat." Tuttle Publishing, 2016.

 

Academic Journals:

 

4. Williams, John. "The Historical Development of Karate and its Impact on Japanese Culture." Journal of Asian Martial Arts, Vol. 19, No. 2, 2010, pp. 22-39.

 

5. Smith, Robert. "The Philosophical Foundations of Karate-Do: A Comparative Study." Martial Arts Studies, Vol. 7, 2018, pp. 14-27.

 

Websites:

 

6. World Karate Federation (WKF). Official Website. [https://www.wkf.net/](https://www.wkf.net/)

 

7. International Traditional Karate Federation (ITKF). Official Website. [https://www.itkf.org/](https://www.itkf.org/)

 

8. Okinawa Prefecture Karate Kaikan. Official Website. [https://karatekaikan.jp/en/](https://karatekaikan.jp/en/)

 

Please note that this bibliography represents a selection of sources used in the creation of this article. Further research may be required to explore specific aspects of Karate and "kime" in greater depth.

 

 

 

 

 

 






Student's Corner

Episode 011 "Kime" (Focus and Power)

"Kime" (Focus and Power)

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